arranging, Jazz piano, Music Theory, Tutorials

Jazz Piano – Introduction – Scale Tone Sevenths

Spread the love
  • Right-click 'save file as' to download the worksheet
Scale Tone Chords (Sevenths)
Vertical and Horizontal Harmony
Jazz harmony is based upon the diatonic major scale.
Diatonic harmony moves in two direction: Horizontal and Vertical.
  • Horizontal harmony
In Fig 9 we think of (and hear!) each chord as it’s position in the scale (eg II V I) - horizontally
  • Vertical Harmony
In Fig 10 we think of each note that builds the chord (eg 1,3,5,7) - vertically
Scale Tone Sevenths:
By combining horizontal & vertical harmony we arrive at the basic harmonic sound used in Jazz -Scale Tone Sevenths
A 7th is built of a root (1), 3rd, 5th and 7th. 
  • Text Hover
The ideal register for the lower notes of these chords in the left hand is:
  • Text Hover
Practise building scale tone sevenths in all twelve keys.



James Treweek

James trained classically in Piano & Clarinet and studied Jazz at University. He has worked as an MD & pianist at Ronnie Scott’s, Pizza Express Jazz club Dean Street, The Hippodrome, Leicester Sq Theatre, London Palladium, & was MD for the “Rat Pack” band for David Beckham (with Elton John as support!)